All children at the Pre-school level should learn important items that will help them develop a strong knowledge basis needed for academic success.
They cite these essential Cognitive Foundations, adapted from Essential Cognitive Skills :
1. Problem-solving skills
2. A set of attitudinal and self–management skills that include attention management, comprehension monitoring and persistence.
3. Understanding skills.
4. Skills in drawing inferences and making predictions.
5. Ability to inter-translate between language and mental images so that thoughts can be expressed easily.
With all the above-mentioned foundations, children will be more prepared to conquer the demands placed on them by their future primary schools.